Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is another condition caused by out-of-whack
hormones. This endocrine disorder is characterized by an imbalance in the sex
hormones estrogen and testosterone (women produce testosterone too, though
in much smaller quantities than men do). This imbalance leads to irregular periods,
acne, and even facial hair growth.
Metabolic syndrome is a collection of heart disease risk factors that increase your
chance of developing high blood pressure, high blood sugar, heart disease, stroke,
and diabetes. The condition is also known by other names
including Syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, and dysmetabolic syndrome. The
number of people with metabolic syndrome increases with age, affecting more than 40%
of people in their 60s and 70s.
Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which
means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body
water. Both terms mean that a person's weight is greater than
what's considered healthy for his or her height. Obesity is commonly found in people
with metabolic syndrome. It makes it harder for cells in the body to respond to
Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Diseases under
the heart disease umbrella include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery
disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); and heart defects
you're born with (congenital heart defects), among others.